Psychological pressure and the right to determine the moves in dynamic tournaments – Evidence from a natural field experiment (2020)

In this paper, we show that the right to determine the sequence of moves in a dynamic teamtournament improves the chances of winning the contest. Because studying dynamic team tournaments – like R&D races – with interim feedback is difficult with company data, we examine decisions of highly paid professionals in soccer penalty shootouts and show that teams whose captains can decide about the shooting sequence are more likely to win the shootout. So, managerial decisions matter for outcomes of dynamic tournaments and we discuss potential reasons for this finding.

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Kassis Mark, Schmidt Sascha L., Schreyer Dominik, Sutter Matthias